Drone and R/C Model Aircraft
"Frequently Asked Questions"
about the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)
Rules for Recreational R/C Pilots
Q: Do I have to register every aircraft with the FAA?
A: You only need to register your name, physical address and email address once. You will receive a single FAA registration number which is to be placed on or inside all of your aircraft along with your AMA number. The AMA safety code already requires you to put your name, address and AMA number on or in each aircraft. The FAA requirement only adds one additional line to the data required by AMA.
Small drones such as the Tiny Whoops, Inductrix, ProtoX or NanoQX that weigh less than 0.55 lbs (8.8 ounces or 250 grams) do not require FAA registration.
Q: If I'm flying in my own yard and below 400 feet, can I can fly my drone anytime I want to?
A: Not necessarily. Drones are prohibited from flying within a 5 mile radius of an airport even on private property unless you notify the airport control tower or operator prior to flying.
Q: I'm more the 5 miles from an airport. Can I fly anytime I want to?
A: The answer still may be "no". The FAA periodically issues Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFR's) that limit all flying including model aircraft and drones in certain areas for limited times. TFR's have been issued for Presidential and VIP flights into the Waterloo and Central Iowa Airports.
Q: Are there other restricted flying areas?
A: Yes, although not many apply in Eastern Iowa. You cannot fly over or around stadiums seating more than 30,000 people or major sporting venues such as racetracks and major league sports stadiums and arenas. TFR's may be issued for air shows, space flights and natural disasters such as wild fires. There are permanent flight restrictions in and around Washington, DC, at 133 military facilities, and Disneyland & Disney World. In general, drone flights are prohibited around or over sensitive infrastructure or property such as power stations, water treatment facilities, correctional facilities, heavily traveled roadways, all national parks and some state parks.
A: The FAA has released the "Before You Fly" app for iPhone and Android that use your GPS location to tell you if you are in a restricted fly zone.
Q: Can I fly over 400 feet above the ground?
A: It depends. Pilots who are not members of the AMA may not fly higher than 400 feet per the FAA rules. AMA members, who abide by the AMA Safety Code, are permitted to fly above 400 feet under appropriate circumstances as allowed by the FAA's Special Rule for Model Aircraft. The AMA has been in discussion with the FAA about this point and the agency has indicted this altitude guideline is not intended to supplant the guidance and safety procedures established in AMA’s safety program.
Checking the box on the federal registration web page signifies an understanding of the 400 foot rule. This is an important safety principle that all UAS operators need to be aware of, and is the same rule established in FAA publication AC 91-57. The placement of this rule on the FAA website is intended for those operating outside of AMA’s safety program.
Q: Am I permitted to fly first person view (FPV)?
A: Yes, FPV flying is permitted under FAA rules as long as the aircraft or drone is within visual line of sight of the pilot, and you use a spotter. AMA members are protected by the Special Rule for Model Aircraft. As long as AMA members follow AMA’s safety guidelines for these activities, they can continue to fly. The rules listed on the FAA UAS website do not negate the modeling activities and related safety procedures established in AMA’s community-based safety program.
Many FPV video transmitters exceed the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) power output limit for unlicensed use, and some operate on frequencies that require a license. An amateur radio (HAM) operator's license is required to operate most FPV transmitters.
Q: How are these rules being enforced?
A: The FAA does not have agents looking for violations. They respond to "incidents" such as close calls with full size aircraft or complaints from citizens or law enforcement about unsafe sUAS operations. Most violations result in warning letters to the pilot or operator.
Q: Can I take aerial pictures at my friend's party or wedding?
A: There are two issues here. You cannot fly over people, so any pictures or video should be taken from a location that does not require flying over people. You cannot sell any pictures or video you take. That would make you a commercial pilot and special rules and licensing apply to commercial operators.
Q: What else should I know?
A: Privacy laws apply to any aircraft or drone with an on-board camera. You should obtain permission from the landowner before you fly over any property. You do not necessarily have the right to fly or photograph over public property such as parks or schools. The low cost of equipment and widespread sale of drones to hobbyists through retail outlets has greatly increased the number of drone pilots. The FAA (and FCC) are struggling to catch up with rules that appropriately regulate the use of recreational and commercial drones.
The FAA rules for drones and R/C aircraft are under ongoing review and revision. The FAA Authorization Act, which among other things, governs drone and R/C aircraft use and operation will come up again in the fall of 2017. The rules for recreational and commercial drone and R/C aircraft may be changed yet again.